or hallah is a traditional Jewish bread eaten on Shabbat and Jewish
Passover, when leavened
bread is not allowed). This association with Judaism is most prevalent
in the United States, as
challah is also a traditional bread in numerous European countries,
such as Hungary, among local non-Jewish peasant populations.
On Shabbat every Jew is commanded to eat three meals (one on Friday
night and two on Saturday). In Judaism, a "meal" includes
bread. Hence, Jews will traditionally eat challah at the beginning
of their Shabbat meal. As with any other type of bread, the blessing
"Baruch atah Adonai, eloheinu melech ha'olam, hamotzi lechem
min ha'aretz" is recited before the challah is eaten. Translated,
it means "Blessed are you, Lord, our God, king of the universe,
who brings forth bread from the earth."